It lies like an army facing south, with one wing stretching along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean and the other reaching out to the Persian Gulf, while the center has its back against the northern mountains.
Civilizations generally have rules and regulations, building and structures, agriculture, writing, and a religious structure.
Before Sumer and Egypt rose up, people in the Paleolithic Age were nomadic, hunters and gatherers. They traveled in groups of people. They had a spoken language, which was passed on and created culture. They had religious beliefs, which are believed to explain nature in animistic ways.
They never settled in one place for very long though. After came the Neolithic Age, which is believed to have occurred after the Ice Age, and a major shift in the way of life.
People discovered farming, established homes, and domesticated animals.
Several hundred people lived in this area together, which allowed for the first specialization of labor. The Fertile Crescent is where the Sumer civilization began. It is an area that supported agriculture and had a lot of vegetation.
Along the Euphrates River the land was suitable for irrigation, which allowed for areas further away from the water source to grow crops and goods. The soil was rich with clay for pottery making and also salt. The geography in this area made it difficult for a major political organization to control everyone, so they were set up in city-state form.
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers were very important to the survival of this civilization, because agriculture was essential and without it the civilization would collapse.
However, these waters that helped this civilization survive could also take it all away with an unpredictable flood. The Sumerians believed that each city-state had its own God, whom commanded all.
It was their God that both led them to war when necessary and protected them in times of peace. They built elaborate brick homes and built temples for their God. Their agriculture was their economic foundation and the surplus was enough to supply food to a very large population.
This rise in economy lead to writing due to a need for records, accounting and tracking. Cuneiform, a symbolic written language was developed. Their lack of stability when it came to politics weakened the Sumerians and eventually they were taken over by Akkadians, but these foundations set by the Sumerians will pave the way for the development of Western Civilization.
The Nile River flooded annually, which fertilized the surrounding lands and made them the most fertile of the ancient world. The survival of this civilization was dependent upon the river. Egypt might not have flourished as it did without the regularity of the flooding.The Incas was the largest Empire in South America in the Pre-Columbian era.
This civilization flourished in the areas of present-day Ecuador, Peru, and Chile and had its administrative, military and political center located at Cusco which lies in modern-day Peru.
Because of the annual flooding. In the fertile crescent, as well as in the Indus Valley of leslutinsduphoenix.com along the Hwang He in China, and the Nile in Egypt, there was an annual flooding of the river. The development of "farming" in other wor.
The Arise of Civilizations in Mesopotamia and the Nile River Valley The Fertile Crescent lies from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. The Fertile Crescent was a land named because of its good soil and its golden wheat fields.
Mesopotamia is known as the Fertile Crescent. It was a highly urbanized area that promoted agriculture, birth of civilizations, and the growth of trade. It is a very moist and fertile land that is located along Western Asia, Nile Valley, and the Nile Delta/5(10).
Fertile Crescent and Nile River Valley About 5, years ago in Sumer and Egypt ( BC) civilizations rose. Civilizations generally have rules and regulations, building and structures, agriculture, writing, and a religious structure.
Early River Valley Civilizations. Homo sapiens, our species, evolved in Africa somewhere between , and , years ago. For tens of thousands of .