The contents of these resources are outlined below. How-To Manual for Teachers and Astronomers. This page manual is designed for both teachers and astronomers who are interested in becoming involved in the formal Project ASTRO program.
Who published the information? Types of Supporting Material There are several types of supporting material that you can pull from the sources you find during the research process to add to your speech.
They include examples, explanations, statistics, analogies, testimony, and visual aids. You will want to have a balance of information, and you will want to include the material that is most relevant to your audience and is most likely to engage them.
When determining relevance, utilize some of the strategies mentioned in Section 9. Thinking about who your audience is and what they know and would like to know will help you tailor your information. Also try to incorporate proxemic information Information that is geographically relevant to the audience.
For example, if delivering a speech about prison reform to an audience made up of Californians, citing statistics from North Carolina prisons would not be as proxemic as citing information from California prisons. The closer you can get the information to the audience, the better.
I tell my students to make the information so relevant and proxemic that it is in our backyards, in the car with us on the way to school or work, and in the Finding supporting materials with us while we sleep.
Examples An example A cited case that is representative of a larger whole. Examples are especially beneficial when presenting information that an audience may not be familiar with.
They are also useful for repackaging or reviewing information that has already been presented. Examples can be used in many different ways, so you should let your audience, purpose and thesis, and research materials guide your use. You may pull examples directly from your research materials, making sure to cite the source.
The following is an example used in a speech about the negative effects of standardized testing: On March 14,the Sacramento Bee reported that some standardized tests now come with instructions indicating what teachers should do with a test booklet if a student throws up on it.
Always make sure to indicate when you are using a hypothetical example, as it would be unethical to present an example as real when it is not.
Including the word imagine or something similar in the first sentence of the example can easily do this. Whether real or hypothetical, examples used as supporting material can be brief or extended. Brief examples are usually one or two sentences, as you can see in the following hypothetical example: You hear the unmistakable sounds of crying when he or she comes home from school and you find out that art and soccer have been eliminated because students did not meet the federal guidelines for performance on standardized tests.
It is important to think about relevance and time limits when considering using an extended illustration.
If a brief example or series of brief examples would convey the same content and create the same tone as the extended example, I suggest you go with brevity. Explanations Explanations Type of supporting material that clarifies ideas by providing information about what something is, why something is the way it is, or how something works or came to be.
One of the most common types of explanation is a definition. Definitions do not have to come from the dictionary. Many times, authors will define concepts as they use them in their writing, which is a good alternative to a dictionary definition.
You do not need to provide definitions when information is common knowledge. Anticipate audience confusion and define legal, medical, or other forms of jargon as well as slang and foreign words. Definitions like the following are also useful for words that we are familiar with but may not know specifics: Continuing to inform about Prohibition, a speaker could explain why the movement toward Prohibition began: Consciously incorporating clear explanations into your speech can help you achieve your speech goals.
Statistics Statistics Numerical representations of information. They are very credible in our society, as evidenced by their frequent use by news agencies, government offices, politicians, and academics.Sexual Deprivation Increases Ethanol Intake in Drosophila.
G. Shohat-Ophir, K. R. Kaun, R. Azanchi, U. Heberlein Materials/Methods, Supporting Text, Tables, Figures. Types of Supporting Materials Okay, so you want to ask your boss for a raise. All of the good things that you've done in the past year are great examples of supporting materials.
Choose most credible proof = backed by credible evidence 2. Use different types of supporting materials to clarify, elaborate on, or substantiate different points in your speech. Types of Supporting Material. There are several types of supporting material that you can pull from the sources you find during the research process to add to your speech.
They include examples, explanations, statistics, analogies, testimony, and visual aids. Supporting Tools and Materials This section of the course supports the others with Information about the course, Its origin, Help for users and.
Sep 06, · Finding Supporting Material for Your Speech The purpose of this lesson is to discuss the different sources to gather material for your speech and to make you aware of what to look out for in terms of non-credible sources.