Ethnocultural politics in the United States The basic campaign strategy was the maximum mobilization of potential votes. To find new supporters politicians systematically canvassed their communities, talking up the state and national issues of the day, and watching which themes drew the best responses.
Economics[ edit ] The Homestead Strike in Homestead, Pennsylvania. The union negotiated national uniform wage scales on an annual basis; helped regularize working hours, workload levels and work speeds; and helped improve working conditions.
It also acted as a hiring hallhelping employers find scarce puddlers and rollers. With the steel industry doing well and prices higher, the AA asked for a wage increase.
Andrew Carnegie encouraged Frick to use the negotiations to break the union: These works, therefore, will be necessarily non-union after the expiration of the present agreement.
When no collective bargaining agreement was reached on June 29, Frick locked the union out of the rest of the plant.
A high fence topped with barbed wirebegun in January, was completed and the plant sealed to the workers. Sniper towers with searchlights were constructed near each mill building, and high-pressure water cannons some capable of spraying boiling-hot liquid were placed at each entrance.
Various aspects of the plant were protected, reinforced or shielded. Buffalo switchmen's strike in Buffalo, New Yorkduring August, In earlythe New York State Legislature passed a law mandating a hour work-day and increases in the day- and night-time minimum wage.
Flower called out the New York State Guard to restore order and protect the railroads' property. Doylecommanding the Fourth Brigade, held a full-time position as an agent of the Lehigh Valley Railroad and was determined to crush the strike. Three racially integrated unions—the Teamstersthe Scalesmen, and the Packers—made up what came to be called the "Triple Alliance.
Employers utilized race-based appeals to try to divide the workers and turn the public against the strikers. The board of trade announced it would sign contracts agreeing to the terms—but only with the white-dominated Scalesmen and Packers unions.
The Board of Trade refused to sign any contract with the black-dominated Teamsters. The Board of Trade and the city's newspapers also began a campaign designed to create public hysteria. The newspapers ran lurid accounts of "mobs of brutal Negro strikers" rampaging through the streets, of African American unionists "beating up all who attempted to interfere with them," and repeated accounts of crowds of blacks assaulting lone white men and women.
Large majorities of the Scalesmen and Packers unions passed resolutions affirming their commitment to stay out until the employers had signed a contract with the Teamsters on the same terms offered to other unions. The city's supply of natural gas failed on November 8, as did the electrical grid, and the city was plunged into darkness.
The delivery of food and beverages immediately ceased, generating alarm among city residents. Construction, printing, street cleaning, manufacturing and even fire-fighting services ground to a halt.
The Panic of set off a widespread economic depression in the United States that lasts until One of the first signs of trouble was the bankruptcy of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroadwhich had greatly over-extended itself, on February 23, ten days before Grover Cleveland 's second inauguration.
The credit crunch rippled through the economy. A financial panic in the United Kingdom and a drop in trade in Europe caused foreign investors to sell American stocks to obtain American funds backed by gold.
The National Cordage Company the most actively traded stock at the time went into receivership as a result of its bankers calling their loans in response to rumors regarding the NCC's financial distress. As the demand for silver and silver notes fell, the price and value of silver dropped. Holders worried about a loss of face value of bonds, and many became worthless.
This was followed by the bankruptcy of many other companies; in total over 15, companies and banks failed many in the west. The huge spike in unemployment, combined with the loss of life savings by failed banks, meant that a once-secure middle-class could not meet their mortgage obligations.
As a result, many walked away from recently built homes. From this, the sight of the vacant Victorian haunted house entered the American mindset. In JanuaryCripple Creek mine owners J. Once the new changes went into effect, they affiliated with the Western Federation of Minersand became Local Immigration contributed little to the American population in the first three decades of the nineteenth century (True/false) True () Much of the new pre-Civil War immigration went into the growing cities of the northeastern part of.
Apr 01, · How did the character of American politics change between the s and the s as a result of growing popular participation? Understanding. Between the s and , as more white males won the right to vote and political parties became more organized, the character of American democracy changed.4/5(2).
The idea and image of black Haitian revolutionaries sent shock waves throughout white America. That black slaves and freed people might turn violent against whites, so obvious in this image where a black soldier holds up the head of a white soldier, remained a serious fear in the hearts and minds of white Southerners throughout the antebellum period.
As was the case for rice production, cotton planters relied upon the labor of enslaved African and African American people. Accordingly, the slave population of Georgia increased dramatically during the early decades of the nineteenth century.
Kaplan, Richard L. Politics and the American press: The rise of objectivity, (Cambridge University Press, ) Keller, Morton (). Affairs of State: Public Life in Late Nineteenth Century America.
Progressivism was the reform movement that ran from the late 19th century through the first decades of the 20th century, during which .