It has been created within the larger realm of post-colonial literaturealthough scholars distinguish between the two, saying that "African American literature differs from most post-colonial literature in that it is written by members of a minority community who reside within a nation of vast wealth and economic power. This oral poetry also appears in the African-American tradition of Christian sermonswhich make use of deliberate repetition, cadence, and alliteration. African-American literature—especially written poetry, but also prose—has a strong tradition of incorporating all of these forms of oral poetry.
Download Photo Langston Hughes February 1,- May 22, was an African American poet, novelist, playwright, and newspaper columnist. He was born in Joplin, Missouri.
He was raised by his grandmother, and when he was thirteen years old he began to write poetry.
Hughes's grandmother influenced his life and imagination deeply. She took him to Oswatomie where she shared the platform as an honored guest of Teddy Roosevelt. She was the last surviving widow of the John Brown raid.
Hughes's early life prepared him well to write about humanity, for as a child and young man he lived in many places and met many different kinds of people. His years spent growing up were, altogether, not very happy, but they provided him with experiences that many people never have.
It was in Lincoln, Illinois where he stayed with his mother who had remarried a man named Homer Clark II that he discovered books. Upon his graduation inHughes spent a year in Mexico with his father. This made him severely unhappy; most of the time Langston, depressed, contemplated suicide.
After this, he spent a year attending Columbia University. During the height of the great gathering of minds in Montparnasse, for most ofhe lived at 15, Rue de Nollet. In November he moved to Washington D.
In he graduated from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. Hughes, who claimed Paul Laurence Dunbar, Carl Sandburg, and Walt Whitman as his primary influences, is particularly known for his insightful, colorful portrayals of black life in America from the twenties through the sixties.
What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over- like a syrupy sweet?
Or does it explode? Many of his poems are in the form of blues lyrics, such as the opening verse to "Po' Boy Blues": When I was home de Sunshine seemed like gold.
Since I come up North de Whole damn world's turned cold. His life and work were enormously important in shaping the artistic contribution of the Harlem Renaissance of the s. Langston Hughes's art reflects this deep understanding of black people.
But it also expresses the love for them. He wanted to tell the stories of his people in ways that reflected their actual culture, including both their suffering and their love of music, laughter, and language itself. Much of Langston s poetry tries to capture the rhythms of blues music, the music he believed to be the true expression of the black spirit.
His published works through include nine volumes of poetry, eight of short stories and sketches, two novels, seven children's books, a number of plays, essays, and translations, and a two-volume autobiography.
Hughes was inducted into the National Institute of Arts and Letters in Hughes, like many black writers and artists of his time, was drawn to the promise of socialism as an alternative to a segregated America. He traveled to the Soviet Union to participate in the making of a movie which was never filmed and traveled extensively in Central Asia in parts of the USSR which were typically forbidden to Westerners.
Hughes's poetry was frequently published in the CPUSA s newspaper and was involved in initiatives supported by communist organizations, such as the drive to free the Scottsboro Boys and support of the Spanish Republic. While involved in some socialist and communist organizations in the US like the John Reed Clubs and the League of Struggle for Negro Rights, he was more of a sympathizer than an active participant.
His public support of the Soviet Union was demonstrated by his signing a statement in supporting Joseph Stalin s purges. He was accused of being a communist by many on the right, but he always denied this and when asked why he never joined the Communist Party, he wrote "it was based on strict discipline and the acceptance of directives that I, as a writer, did not wish to accept.
Langston Hughes died of complications from prostate cancer in New York City. And he wrote in the s powerful words that apply to all of us today.Langston Hughes “Theme for English B” is an unusual poem written as though it is an assignment for a young, black, college scholar.
The assignment from the white instructor is daunting to. Langston Hughes was one of the most celebrated and respected writers/poets of the Harlem Renaissance and was a fore bearer of great authors of the Black Experience.
James Mercer Langston Hughes was born on February 1, in Joplin, Missouri, the son of Caroline Mercer Langston and James Nathaniel Hughes. Called a pioneer of his time, Hughes gave insight to the struggles of working-class Black America through poems, novels, and many other styles of writing.
Noted as being the first to incorporate the structure and rhythm of blues and jazz music in his writing, . Explore Biography's collection of Famous Black Writers such as Langston Hughes, Toni Morrison and Maya Angelou.
See our picks, along with full biographies, photo galleries and videos, on Biography. Langston Hughes was one of the most celebrated and respected writers/poets of the Harlem Renaissance and was a fore bearer of great authors of the Black Experience.
James Mercer Langston Hughes was born on February 1, in Joplin, Missouri, the son of Caroline Mercer Langston and James Nathaniel Hughes. Start studying Other Modern Age Literature: Harlem Renaissance-Langston Hughes.
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