Jackson's Indian Removal Act and subsequent treaties resulted in the forced removal of several Indian tribes from their traditional territories, including the Trail of Tears. Indian Removal Act[ edit ] Prior to taking office, Jackson had spent much of his career fighting the Native Americans of the Southwestand he considered Native Americans to be inferior to those who were descended from Europeans. The bill passed the House by in a to 97 vote, with most Southern congressmen voting for the bill and most Northern congressmen voting against it.
Run the eye across the history of the world. You observe that there are certain cycles, or ages, or periods of time, which have their peculiar spirit, their ruling passion, their great, characterizing, distinctive movements.
He, who embodies in its greatest fullness, the spirit of such an age, and enters with most earnestness into its movements, received the admiration of his contemporaries.
Because, in him is concentrated the spirit that has burned in their own bosom. Because in him exists, in bodily form, in living flesh and blood, the spirit that gives them life and motion. The spirit of God descended upon the Saviour of the world in the form of a dove.
The spirit of an age sometimes descends to future generations in the form of a man, in proportion as an individual concentrates within himself, the spirit which works through masses of men, and which moves, and should move them through the greatest cycles of time, in that proportion, he becomes entitled to their admiration and praise.
Because his countrymen saw their image and spirit in Andrew Jackson, they bestowed their honor and admiration upon him. The Emergence of a More Democratic Republic Today we accept the notion that democracy The age of jackson that every citizen has a vote, with certain reasonable restrictions such as age, registration requirements and so on.
In the early s it was generally accepted that in order to vote, a person needed to have a legal stake in the system, which could mean property ownership or some economic equivalent. When government under the Constitution began, the people did not vote for presidential electors; U.
Even eligibility to vote for members of the House of Representatives was left to the individual states. Women, Indians and Blacks whether slave or free were restricted from voting almost everywhere.
When Sam Houston was elected governor of Tennessee inhis friends had to make him a gift of acres of land, which was one requirement for holding that office. Americans in the s and s gradually lost their fear that democracy would lead to anarchy. Each individual was to be given an equal start in life, but equality of opportunity did not mean equality of result.
In the decades surrounding the presidency of Andrew Jackson democracy broadened. Many states rewrote their constitutions, gradually eliminating property qualifications, taxpaying for voting, religious qualifications for office, etc. European visitors such as Alexis de Tocqueville noticed the spirit of equality that pervaded the United States, unlike anything known in the Old World.
By the late s, the United States had become a full democracy for adult white males, but inequalities still existed: What was different about America was not that the gap between rich and poor had narrowed—indeed, the opposite was probably true—but that there were few systemic barriers except for slavery that prevented people from gaining wealth and power.
However limited, the idea of America as a land of unprecedented opportunity was not inaccurate in the context of the times.
Importantly, equality of opportunity did not necessarily mean equality of result, a concept with which Americans continue to wrestle in making political choices. The other major change in the Jacksonian era was the emergence of a solid two-party system. The modern Democratic Party was founded under Jackson, and an opposition party—the Whigs—eventually evolved.
When that party disappeared in the early s, it was soon replaced by the Republican Party, giving the U. Although many issues have changed since the s, present-day Republicans and Democrats have much in common with their ancestors. The Emergence of the Professional Politician Another development in the Age of Jackson was that the idea of political service as a sort of noblesse oblige—which was the way people like Washington and Jefferson tended to look at it—was gone.
Politics for many men became if not a career, then certainly something they pursued because they wanted to, not because they thought they ought to. What rewards they sought are no easier to establish for that time than they are today—recognition, a sense of power, perhaps financial gain and other factors were no doubt present in those who sought office or government related jobs, but in any case it became possible to think in terms of the profession of politics.
John Quincy Adams was probably the man who personified that transition, having served in a variety of public offices for most of his life during a career that went back to his father's time, but in the election of he was criticized for that fact: Calhoun and others—were hardly ever out of office, and their careers were devoted to activities that advanced their political fortunes.
There were no professional politicians in the s. Madison, Jefferson, Hamilton, and John Adams could be political, but they were not politicians in our sense of the term. They did not derive an appreciable part of their income from public office, nor did they spend much time campaigning for votes.
Unlike Jefferson or Washington, who suffered financially from serving in government, successful public officials in the later period tended to leave office richer than when they had entered. The growing federal and state bureaucracies made it possible for ambitious young men to make politics or government service a career.
By the s, Democrats were rewarding their workers with civil service jobs. At the center of each political party was a corps of professionals, usually living off the public payroll, whose careers were inextricably tied to the success of the party.
As one New York politician confessed, he would vote for a dog if his party nominated one.what Jackson and followers called the Clay/Adams deal that kept him from election Tariff of ; "tariff of abominations" towards end of Adams' presidency, Congress created a new tariff law which made northern manufacturers happy but alienated southern planters, causing the .
Nov 02, · The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today was a famous satirical novel by Mark Twain set in the late s, and the term “Gilded Age” soon came to define .
it was injurious to good government, but had to be retained for the good of the Democratic party. Arts and humanities · US history · The early republic () · The age of Jackson Jacksonian Democracy - background and introduction The age of Jackson.
Bob Jones Academy, US History, Chapter 10, The Age of Jackson, flash cards over the notes and the reading, teacher: Mr. Ericson. STUDY. PLAY. What are the three main ideas that shaped the Age of Jackson? leslutinsduphoenix.comalism leslutinsduphoenix.comnalism leslutinsduphoenix.comatization.
What is Nationalism? An extreme sense of .