Saul McLeodpublished The levels of processing model Craik and Lockhart, focuses on the depth of processing involved in memory, and predicts the deeper information is processed, the longer a memory trace will last. Craik defined depth as:
How to Write a Summary of an Article? The Experiment Research Study: Craik and Tulving Aim: To investigate depth processing by giving participants s number of tasks requiring different levels of processing and measuring recognition. Controlled condition 3 males and 3 females Experimental condition 3 males and 3 females Independent group design Method: This was a repeated measures design experiment with three conditions.
Participants were given a list of 60 words, one at a time and were required to process each word at one of thee levels the independent variable.
We will write a custom essay sample on The Experiment Research Study: The two conditions create room for accurate comparison and results. Participants are referred to with numbers. Significantly more words were recognised if they had been processed at deep level approximately 65 per cent than either phonetic 37 per cent or shallow 17 per cent levels.
As deeper processing resulted in better recognition, then the level at which material is processed must be related to memory. This means participants are unlikely to engage in extra processing which could invalidate the results.
However, there is a necessary level of deception required in suck a design which raised ethical issues.Craik & Tulving Study () Procedure Method= A series of 10 laboratory experiments.
sample= Fairly small, for example 20 in the first experiment. Students used as participants. Design= Repeated measures- same participants used in all conditions/experiments.
Results Different encoding questions gave rise to different . The levels of processing model (Craik and Lockhart, ) focuses on the depth of processing involved in memory, and predicts the deeper information is processed, the longer a memory trace will leslutinsduphoenix.com: Saul Mcleod.
Unlike the Atkinson-Shiffrin model which structured LTM and STM, levels of processing has no set structure. Strengths Craik & Lockhart's model has a number of strengths. A thought experiment (German: Gedankenexperiment, Gedanken-Experiment, or Gedankenerfahrung,) considers some hypothesis, theory, or principle for the purpose of thinking through its consequences.
Given the structure of the experiment, it may not be possible to perform it, and even if it could be performed, there need not be an intention to perform it.. The common goal of a thought experiment.
A photo-taking-impairment effect has been observed such that participants are less likely to remember objects they photograph than objects they only observe.
Craik & Tulving () Levels of Processing Craik & Tulving wanted to test whether the level of processing affected how well we remember information. Read an explanation and evaluation of this research.