The school of historical linguistics came to be known in the late 19th century as Neogrammarianism. Generative grammar was invented and developed by Noam Chomsky and has been the dominant model of formal linguistics in recent decades. Linguistics as a science began at the beginning of the 19th century and was diachronic in its orientation.
See Article History Alternative Title: Historical linguistics had its roots in the etymological speculations of classical and medieval times, in the comparative study of Greek and Latin developed during the Renaissance, and in the speculations of scholars as to the language from which the other languages of the world were descended.
It was only in the 19th century, however, that more scientific methods of language comparison and sufficient data on the early Indo-European languages combined to establish the principles now used by historical linguists.
The theories of the Neogrammariansa group of German historical linguists and classical scholars who first gained prominence in the s, were especially important because of the rigorous manner in which they formulated sound correspondences in the Indo-European languages.
In the 20th century, historical linguists have successfully extended the application of the theories and methods of the 19th century to the classification and historical study of non-Indo-European languages.
Historical linguistics, when contrasted with synchronic linguisticsthe study of a language at a particular point in time, is often called diachronic linguistics.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:History of linguistics Earlier history Non-Western traditions. Linguistic speculation and investigation, insofar as is known, has gone on in only a small number of societies. To the extent that Mesopotamian, Chinese.
Historical linguistics: Historical linguistics,, the branch of linguistics concerned with the study of phonological, grammatical, and semantic changes, the reconstruction of earlier stages of languages, and the discovery and application of the methods by which genetic relationships among languages can be demonstrated.
The term linguistics is a product of the 19th century, as are the academic field and the form of enquiry that it designates. This enquiry is however continuous with modes of analysis that date back to ancient times, as practiced in various traditions in Asia and Europe (together with the African.
A brief history of twentieth-century linguistics. An introduction to the different ways that language can be studied, and the contributions of Saussure and Jakobson in context. Introduction Linguistics is the study of language, sometimes called .
A short history of linguistics. 4th ed. London and New York: Longman. E-mail Citation» Despite its modest title, this remains the best monographic introduction to the subject. It assumes that its reader is well educated, with some prior knowledge of modern linguistics.
A Very Brief History of (Western) Linguistic Thought On this page, I want to present you with an extremely brief overview of a number developments that have occurred in the history of linguistics, and how certain currents have come into or gone out of fashion over the.